Behavior-Aware Aggregation of Distributed Energy Resources for Risk-Aware Operational Scheduling of Distribution Systems

Mingyue He, Zahra Soltani, Mojdeh Khorsand, Aaron Dock, Patrick Malaty, Masoud Esmaili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Recently there has been a considerable increase in the penetration level of distributed energy resources (DERs) due to various factors, such as the increasing affordability of these resources, the global movement towards sustainable energy, and the energy democracy movement. However, the uncertainty and variability of DERs introduce new challenges for power system operations. Advanced techniques that account for the characteristics of DERs, i.e., their intermittency and human-in-the-loop factors, are essential to improving distribution system operations. This paper proposes a behavior-aware approach to analyze and aggregate prosumers’ participation in demand response (DR) programs. A convexified AC optimal power flow (ACOPF) via a second-order cone programming (SOCP) technique is used for system scheduling with DERs. A chance-constrained framework for the system operation is constructed as an iterative two-stage algorithm that can integrate loads, DERs’ uncertainty, and SOCP-based ACOPF into one framework to manage the violation probability of the distribution system’s security limits. The benefits of the analyzed prosumers’ behaviors are shown in this paper by comparing the optimal system scheduling with socially aware and non-socially aware approaches. The case study illustrates that the socially aware approach within the chance-constrained framework can utilize up to 43% more PV generation and improve the reliability and operation of distribution systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9420
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • AC optimal power flow
  • chance constraints
  • distributed energy resources
  • human-in-the-loop
  • risk aware
  • socially aware
  • sociodemographic information

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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