Assessing the effects of water restrictions on socio-hydrologic resilience for shared groundwater systems

Shams Al-Amin, Emily Z. Berglund, G. Mahinthakumar, Kelli Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Groundwater resources are shared across management boundaries. Multiple management units that differ in scale, constraints and objectives may manage a shared resource in a decentralized approach. The interactions among water managers, water users, and the water resource components influence the performance of management strategies and the resilience of community-level water supply and groundwater availability. This research develops an agent-based modeling (ABM) framework to capture the dynamic interactions among household-level consumers and policy makers to simulate water demands. The ABM is coupled with a groundwater model to evaluate effects on the groundwater table. The framework is applied to explore trade-offs between improvements in water supply sustainability for local resources and water table changes at the basin-level. A group of municipalities are simulated as agents who share access to a groundwater aquifer in Verde River Basin, Arizona. The framework provides a holistic approach to incorporate water user, municipal, and basin level objectives in evaluating water reduction strategies for long-term water resilience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)872-885
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Hydrology
StatePublished - Nov 2018


  • Agent-based model
  • Complex adaptive system
  • Demand management
  • Groundwater management
  • Sustainability index
  • Water shortage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology


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