Application of Adaptive Counseling and Therapy to Career Counseling

Mary Z. Anderson, Terence J. Tracey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The relationship between client readiness to resolve career indecision and preference for counselors exhibiting varying levels of directiveness and supportiveness, as defined in Adaptive Counseling Therapy (ACT; Howard, Nance, & Myers, 1986), was examined. Questionnaires (the Adjective Checklist [ACL; Gough & Heilbrun, 1983], the Brief Symptom Inventory [BSI; Derogatis & Spencer, 1982], the Client Readiness Measure [CRM; Anderson, 1991], the Counselor Preference Measure [CPM; Anderson, 1991], and the Validity Scale [VS; Anderson, 1991]) were administered to 191 college undergraduates (137 females, 54 males; mean age = 19.4) enrolled in a career development course. As prescribed in ACT theory, a negative relationship between client readiness and preference for counselor directiveness, and a curvilinear relationship (an inverted U) between client readiness and Preference for Supportiveness were expected. Application of ACT theory to career counseling was partially supported by correlational analysis and an analysis of variance, each of which yielded a significant, negative relationship (p < 0.05) between client readiness and counselor directiveness. No relation was found between client readiness and counselor supportiveness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-88
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Career Assessment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • General Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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