Application of a bio-binder as a rejuvenator for wet processed asphalt shingles in pavement construction

Daniel J. Oldham, Ellie H. Fini, Emmanuel Chailleux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


This paper investigates the merits of application of bio-binder to enhance rheological properties of asphalt binder in the presence of wet processed recycled asphalt shingles (RAS). It will further examine the performance and workability of asphalt designed with and without a specified percentage of a bio-binder produced from swine manure and RAS. Bio-binder was introduced to liquid asphalt binder modified with four different percentages of RAS; the high and low temperature properties of each RAS modified binder were then investigated. The study results showed that the addition of bio-binder led to a reduction of viscosity in the RAS modified binder to be closer to that of the virgin binder (without presence of RAS). In addition, it was found that the ductility and fracture energy of the RAS modified asphalt binder was improved significantly when bio-binder was introduced. Overall, the results show that the bio-binder improved the low temperature characteristics of RAS modified asphalt binder; the observed improvement can be attributed to the rejuvenating effect of bio-binder while also improving the blending between the RAS particles and the virgin binder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-84
Number of pages10
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Bio-binder
  • Ductility
  • Fracture energy
  • Recycled asphalt shingle
  • Rheology
  • Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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