Anomalous Behavior of 2D Janus Excitonic Layers under Extreme Pressures

Han Li, Ying Qin, Byeongkwan Ko, Dipesh B. Trivedi, Debarati Hajra, Mohammed Yasir Sayyad, Lei Liu, Sang Heon Shim, Houlong Zhuang, Sefaattin Tongay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Newly discovered 2D Janus transition metal dichalcogenides layers have gained much attention from a theory perspective owing to their unique atomic structure and exotic materials properties, but little to no experimental data are available on these materials. Here, experimental and theoretical studies establish the vibrational and optical behavior of 2D Janus S–W–Se and S–Mo–Se monolayers under high pressures for the first time. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-grown classical transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) monolayers are first transferred onto van der Waals (vdW) mica substrates and converted to 2D Janus sheets by surface plasma technique, and then integrated into a 500 µm size diamond anvil cell for high-pressure studies. The results show that 2D Janus layers do not undergo phase transition up to 15 GPa, and in this pressure regime, their vibrational modes exhibit a nonmonotonic response to the applied pressures (dω/dP). Interestingly, these 2D Janus monolayers exhibit unique blueshift in photoluminescence (PL) upon compression, which is in contrast to many other traditional semiconductor materials. Overall theoretical simulations offer in-depth insights and reveal that the overall optical response is a result of competition between the ab-plane (blueshift) and c-axis (redshift) compression. The overall findings shed the very first light on how 2D Janus monolayers respond under extreme pressures and expand the fundamental understanding of these materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2002401
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number33
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020


  • 2D Janus monolayers
  • bandgap blueshifting
  • high-pressure diamond anvil cells
  • optical properties
  • vibrational properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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