An organizational model to distinguish between and integrate research and evaluation activities in a theory based evaluation

Laura B. Sample McMeeking, Carole Basile, R. Brian Cobb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Theory-based evaluation (TBE) is an evaluation method that shows how a program will work under certain conditions and has been supported as a viable, evidence-based option in cases where randomized trials or high-quality quasi-experiments are not feasible. Despite the model's widely accepted theoretical appeal there are few examples of its well-implemented use, probably due to time and money limitations necessary for planning and a confusion over the definitions between research and evaluation functions and roles. In this paper, we describe the development of a theory-based evaluation design in a Math and Science Partnership (MSP) research project funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF). Through this work we developed an organizational model distinguishing between and integrating evaluation and research functions, explicating personnel roles and responsibilities, and highlighting connections between research and evaluation work. Although the research and evaluation components operated on independent budgeting, staffing, and implementation activities, we were able to combine datasets across activities to allow us to assess the integrity of the program theory, not just the hypothesized connections within it. This model has since been used for proposal development and has been invaluable as it creates a research and evaluation plan that is seamless from the beginning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)508-516
Number of pages9
JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Logic models
  • Organizational model
  • Program evaluation
  • Theory based evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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