An analysis of supply risk assessment techniques

George A. Zsidisin, Lisa M. Ellram, Joseph R. Carter, Joseph L. Cavinato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

405 Scopus citations


Purchasing organizations are exposed to risk in their interactions with suppliers, whether it is recognized and managed, addressed in a cursory manner, or altogether ignored. In order to understand the supply risk that exists, purchasing organizations can proactively assess the probability and impact of supply risk in advance, or reactively discover risk after a detrimental event occurs. The purpose of this study is to explore, analyze, and derive common themes on supply risk assessment techniques. Findings from this research indicate that purchasing organizations can assess supply risk with techniques that focus on addressing supplier quality issues, improving supplier processes, and reducing the likelihood of supply disruptions. From an agency theory perspective, these risk assessment techniques facilitate the obtaining of information by purchasing organizations to verify supplier behaviors, promoting goal congruence between buying and selling firms, and reducing outcome uncertainty associated with inbound supply.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-413
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jun 2004


  • Case studies
  • Purchasing
  • Risk assessment
  • Supply chain management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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