An analysis of essential air service structure and performance

Timothy C. Matisziw, Chieh Lung Lee, Tony H. Grubesic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


The US federal Essential Air Service program was established to subsidize air service to communities unable to retain commercial carriers after airline deregulation in 1978. In this paper, the subsidized service between program communities and commercial hub airports is investigated relative to several Essential Air Service planning objectives. Specifically, observed community hubbing activity is compared with that modeled to minimize hub access cost and maximize community accessibility within the commercial air transport system. Results highlight trends in system performance relative to these planning objectives and indicate that significant potential exists for enhancing the efficiency of the program in light of limited resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-11
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Air Transport Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Air transportation network design
  • Multi-objective planning
  • Route correspondence
  • Rural air service

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transportation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Law


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