Al0.2Ga0.8As Solar Cells Monolithically Grown on Si and GaAs by MBE for III-V/Si Tandem Dual-junction Applications

Arthur Onno, Jiang Wu, Qi Jiang, Siming Chen, Mingchu Tang, Yurii Maidaniuk, Mourad Benamara, Yuriy I. Mazur, Gregory J. Salamo, Nils Peter Harder, Lars Oberbeck, Huiyun Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Al0.2Ga0.8As photovoltaic solar cells have been monolithically grown on silicon substrates by Molecular Beam Epitaxy. Due to the 4% lattice mismatch between AlGaAs and Si, Threading Dislocations (TDs) nucleate at the III-V/Si interface and propagate to the active region of the cells where they act as recombination centers, reducing the performances of the devices. In order to reduce the Threading Dislocation Density (TDD) in the active layers of the cells, InAlAs Strained Layer Superlattice (SLS) Dislocation Filter Layers (DFLs) have been used. For one of the samples, in-situ Thermal Cycle Annealing (TCA) steps have additionally been performed during growth. For comparison purposes, reference Al0.2Ga0.8As solar cells have been grown lattice-matched on GaAs. For the sample grown on Si without TCA, the TDD has been reduced from over 7×109cm-2 at the III-V/Si interface to 3×107cm-2 in the base of the cells. With TCA, the TDD has been reduced throughout the sample from over 3×109cm-2 in the initial epilayers to 8(±2)×106cm-2 in the base of the cells. For the best devices, the Voc improves from 833mV on Si without TCA to 895mV using TCA, compared with 1070mV for the reference sample grown lattice-matched on GaAs. Similarly the fill factor improves from 73.7% on Si without TCA to 74.8% using TCA, compared with 78.4% on GaAs. The high bandgap-voltage offset obtained both on Si and GaAs indicates a non-optimal bulk AlGaAs material quality due to non-ideal growth conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)661-668
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Procedia
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event6th International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics, SiliconPV 2016 - Chambery, France
Duration: Mar 7 2016Mar 9 2016


  • AlGaAs solar cell
  • Dislocation filter
  • III-V on silicon
  • MBE
  • Thermal cycle annealing
  • Threading dislocation density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy


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