Particle-decay processes in a nonhyperbolic Hamiltonian system are typically characterized by algebraic laws. That is, for a fixed set of parameter values, if one initializes a particle in a chaotic region near some Kol'mogorov-Arnol'd-Moser (KAM) tori, the probability for this particle to remain in the region at time t decays with time algebraically: P(t)∼t-z, where z is the decay exponent. As a system parameter varies, the numerically calculated exponent z exhibits rather large fluctuations. In this paper we examine the dynamical origin of such fluctuations using a model system which exhibits unbounded chaotic dynamics (i.e., chaotic scattering). Our results indicate that the fluctuating behavior of z, as a function of the parameter, can be attributed to the breakup of KAM surfaces in phase space. A particularly interesting finding is that, when the outermost KAM surfaces enclosing some central island transform from absolute barriers to partial barriers (Cantori), as the parameter varies, the survival probability P(t) displays two different regions of scaling behavior with different decay exponents. The time scale where this crossover takes place is found to coincide with the typical time for a particle to penetrate the newly created Cantori.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics