Agritourism and off-farm work: Survival strategies for small farms

Aditya R. Khanal, Ashok K. Mishra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


This study considers agritourism and off-farm work as income diversification choices simultaneously and analyzes factors influencing such choices. Further, the study assesses the impact of agritourism, off-farm work, and both on gross cash farm income and total farm household income. We utilized large set of nationwide farm survey data and selectivity-based multinomial choice model. An important finding of our study is that small farms have higher household income if they choose both income diversification strategies rather than a single strategy. Results suggest that education, age of the operator, financial condition, and location of the farm are important factors driving income diversification alternatives. Finally, our study indicates that accounting for selectivity is essential to ensure unbiased and consistent estimates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-76
Number of pages12
JournalAgricultural Economics (United Kingdom)
Issue numberS1
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Agritourism
  • Household income
  • Multinomial logit
  • Off-farm work
  • Selectivity correction
  • Small farms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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