Agricultural policy and its impact on fuel usage: Empirical evidence from farm household analysis

Hung Hao Chang, Ashok K. Mishra, Michael Livingston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Off-farm work is a growing reality in the US agricultural sector as a whole. Another staple program in the US agriculture is the use of crop insurance. This paper assesses hitherto unaddressed issues of fuel consumption and hence pollution generated by farm households associated with off-farm work and crop insurance. We applied a quantile regression method on a unique national farm-level survey data to address the fuel consumption issues. Results indicate that off-farm work by operators tends to decrease fuel expenses. In contrast, households with crop insurance had higher fuel consumption thereby increasing fuel usage. Finally, our study shows that the net effect of these two activities resulted in an increase in the pollution level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-353
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Energy
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Agricultural policy
  • Crop insurance
  • Farm household
  • Fuel expenses
  • Off-farm work
  • Quantile regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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