Agreeable mothers: How they manage adverse circumstances and difficult children

Robert H. Bradley, Robert F. Corwyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Relations between two contextual challenges (low household income, difficult child temperament), maternal agreeableness and three aspects of parenting (harshness, sensitivity, stimulation) were examined when children were 6 months, 54 months old and 5th grade. Mothers with higher incomes and more education were more sensitive and provided more stimulation to their children. They also were less harsh. Mothers high in agreeableness were more likely to demonstrate sensitivity and provide stimulation; and they were less likely to manifest harshness. Maternal agreeableness moderated the effects of low income on parental behavior with significant interaction effects observed in 9 of the 12 models tested. When rearing a difficult child, mother's high in agreeableness showed more supportive behavior in 3 of the 12 models tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-118
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
StatePublished - Apr 2019


  • Agreeableness
  • Difficult temperament
  • Family process
  • Longitudinal research
  • Low-income families
  • Mothers
  • Parenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • General Psychology


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