Additive printing of pure nanocrystalline nickel thin films using room environment electroplating

Ali Behroozfar, Md Emran Hossain Bhuiyan, Soheil Daryadel, David Edwards, Brian J. Rodriguez, Majid Minary-Jolandan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Given its high temperature stability, oxidation-, corrosion- and wear-resistance, and ferromagnetic properties, Nickel (Ni) is one of the most technologically important metals. This article reports that pure and nanocrystalline (Ni) films with excellent mechanical and magnetic properties can be additively printed at room environment without any higherature post-processing. The printing process is based on a nozzle-based electrochemical deposition from the classical Watt's bath. The printed Ni film showed a preferred (220) and (111) texture based on x-ray diffraction spectra. The printed Ni film had close to bulk electrical conductivity; its indentation elastic modulus and hardness was measured to be 203 ± 6.7 GPa and 6.27 ± 0.34 GPa, respectively. Magnetoresistance, magnetic hysteresis loop, and magnetic domain imaging showed promising results of the printed Ni for functional applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number055301
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Additive printing
  • nanocrystalline
  • thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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