Ad-hoc multi-hop underwater optical network for deep ocean monitoring

Andres Mora, David Ganger, Greg Wells, Jin Zhang, Xinhui Hu, Chenyang Zhou, Andrea Richa, Cody Youngbull

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations


We present a fully ad-hoc, optical multi-hop underwater optical sensor network. All network nodes are identical, uncabled and battery operated with the exception of the master node which represents the terminal link to land for real-time monitoring capability. Multi-hop functionality allows for high-bandwidth underwater communication without sacrificing range. Ad-hoc capability allows for nodes to dynamically enter and exit the network, forming arbitrary topologies. Onboard sensors imbue every network node with monitoring capability. Redundant onboard data storage and automatic rerouting of communication paths create a mesh sensing network ideal for high-density, large-area sensor networks deployed to regions with high-risk of node loss and intermittent connectivity. Multi-hop and dynamic ad-hoc capabilities were tested in salt-water pools. The communications algorithm and high-level node design are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOCEANS 2013 MTS/IEEE - San Diego: An Ocean in Common
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
StatePublished - 2013
EventOCEANS 2013 MTS/IEEE San Diego Conference: An Ocean in Common - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Sep 23 2013Sep 26 2013


OtherOCEANS 2013 MTS/IEEE San Diego Conference: An Ocean in Common
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Ad-hoc
  • Mesh network
  • Multi-hop
  • Ocean sensing
  • Optical network
  • Underwater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering


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