Action-Stage Emphasized Spatiotemporal VLAD for Video Action Recognition

Zhigang Tu, Hongyan Li, Dejun Zhang, Justin Dauwels, Baoxin Li, Junsong Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Scopus citations


Despite outstanding performance in image recognition, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) do not yet achieve the same impressive results on action recognition in videos. This is partially due to the inability of CNN for modeling long-range temporal structures especially those involving individual action stages that are critical to human action recognition. In this paper, we propose a novel action-stage (ActionS) emphasized spatiotemporal vector of locally aggregated descriptors (ActionS-ST-VLAD) method to aggregate informative deep features across the entire video according to adaptive video feature segmentation and adaptive segment feature sampling (AVFS-ASFS). In our ActionS-ST-VLAD encoding approach, by using AVFS-ASFS, the keyframe features are chosen and the corresponding deep features are automatically split into segments with the features in each segment belonging to a temporally coherent ActionS. Then, based on the extracted keyframe feature in each segment, a flow-guided warping technique is introduced to detect and discard redundant feature maps, while the informative ones are aggregated by using our exploited similarity weight. Furthermore, we exploit an RGBF modality to capture motion salient regions in the RGB images corresponding to action activity. Extensive experiments are conducted on four public benchmarks-HMDB51, UCF101, Kinetics, and ActivityNet for evaluation. Results show that our method is able to effectively pool useful deep features spatiotemporally, leading to the state-of-The-Art performance for video-based action recognition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8600333
Pages (from-to)2799-2812
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2019


  • Action recognition
  • ActionS-ST-VLAD
  • adaptive feature sampling
  • adaptive video feature segmentation
  • feature encoding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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