Acculturation and Physical Activity Among Latinas Enrolled in a 12-Month Walking Intervention

Rodney Joseph, Tanya J. Benitez, Barbara Ainsworth, Michael Todd, Colleen Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This report evaluates the relationship between acculturation and assimilation with the physical activity (PA) outcomes of a 12-month walking intervention for postpartum Latinas (n = 81, M age = 29.2 years, M BMI [body mass index] = 30.0). PA was measured by ActiGraph GT1M accelerometers. Acculturation and assimilation were measured by the Hazuda Acculturation and Assimilation Scales. Data were collected at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. Results showed a trend for participants classified in the least acculturated groups to engage in more moderate-to-vigorous PA than participants classified in the higher acculturated/assimilated groups for two dimensions of acculturation (Adult Proficiency in English Versus Spanish, p =.002; Adult Pattern of English Versus Spanish Language Usage, p =.001) and two dimensions of assimilation (Childhood Interaction With Members of Mainstream Society, p =.028; Adult Functional Integration With Mainstream Society, p ≤.001). No other significant effects were observed. Findings highlight the continued need to understand the context in which acculturation and assimilation influence PA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)942-960
Number of pages19
JournalWestern journal of nursing research
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018


  • Hispanic Americans
  • acculturation
  • female
  • physical activity
  • postpartum period

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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