Abandoned Hole Effect on Ultimate Strength of Mechanical Anchors in Tension

Zhao Chen, Somayeh Nassiri, Anthony Lamanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Postinstalled anchors are frequently installed with unpredictable abandoned drilled holes (ADHs) at the job site. While ADHs may have a reducing impact on the original ultimate tensile strength (N u ) of the anchor per the design code, this effect was not adequately investigated. In this study, 60 wedge anchors in three diameters (d) and two (deep and shallow) effective embedment depths (h ef ) per d were tested in tension in five repeats. Half of the tests (30) served as the reference scenario for the other half (30) that included one ADH drilled at 2×d offset from the anchor. The ADH scenario resulted in (4.5-21%) reduction in N u , regardless of the failure modes, and the percent reductions decreased as d and/or h ef increased. Based on the results, an area method was proposed to predict the reduced N u in the ADH scenario. This method can be used to predict reduced N u when ADH conditions occur in the field and calculate the increased d and/or h ef to minimize the reducing effect if the application allows.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number06019001
JournalPractice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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