A Typology of Drug Resistance Strategies

Janet Alberts, Michelle A. Miller-Rassulo, Michael L. Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


This study examined social influences on adolescents’ responses to drug offers. Seventy narrative accounts of both successful and unsuccessful attempts to say no were collected. From these data, the authors developed a typology of both drug offers and drug resistance strategies. In addition, typologies were developed for: who made the offer, what substance was offered, where the offer occurred, and why the subject responded as she or he did. As well, the study revealed the influence of the type of drug, alcohol or controlled substance, on the process of offering and resisting. The analysis revealed that adolescents were more likely to resist offers of controlled substances and did so more often when the offer was made by an acquaintance at school. When they did refuse, they were most likely to simply say no. Also, teenagers were more likely to accept offers of alcohol, particularly from friends in social situations when the friends used persuasive appeals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-151
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Applied Communication Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Language and Linguistics


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