A transdisciplinary approach for formalized integrated planning and decision-making in complex systems

Arnim Wiek, Alexander I. Walter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


Multi-sectoral systems, such as cities or regional economies, face strategic challenges of optimal development due to the complexity of interacting perspectives, interests, and preferences of decision-makers and stakeholders. In coping with these challenges, integrated approaches in strategic planning and decision support promise to generate more efficient and effective results than sectoral approaches. In this article, we follow the concept of operational research (OR) by applying a formalized approach to cross-sectoral integrated planning and decision-making in complex, i.e., multi-sectoral systems. The presented Transdisciplinary Integrated Planning and Synthesis (TIPS) approach relies on (soft) OR methods combined in a multi-methodological framework that is adapted to the cognitive skills and habits of the stakeholders and experts involved in mutual and joint learning processes (transdisciplinarity). This methodological contribution structures, formalizes, and empirically illustrates cross-sectoral integrated strategic planning step by step, and evaluates the TIPS methodology against requirements for integrated approaches derived from literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-370
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 16 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Competition for scarce resources
  • Conflicts
  • Scenarios
  • Strategic planning
  • Transdisciplinarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Information Systems and Management


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