A test of job security's direct and mediated effects on withdrawal cognitions

Jeanette A. Davy, Angelo J. Kinicki, Christine L. Scheck

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

211 Scopus citations


Two field studies were undertaken to investigate the nature of the relationships between job security, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and withdrawal cognitions. Study 1 was conducted in an organization immediately following its acquisition by another company (N = 137). Study 2 was conducted in an organization that had experienced a number of layoffs and expected more in the future (N = 188). Covariance structure analysis was used to test for direct, complete mediating, and partial mediating effects. Study 2 was used to cross-validate the findings from study 1. Results from both studies provide strong support for the proposition that job satisfaction and organizational commitment mediate the effects of job security on withdrawal cognitions. The two studies diverge when explicating the nature of the relations between job security, satisfaction, and commitment. Study 1 suggests job satisfaction completely mediates the effects of job security on commitment. Study 2 suggests that both satisfaction and commitment mediate the relationship between job security and withdrawal cognitions. Contextual differences that may have contributed to these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-349
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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