A Reduced Stage Configuration of Three-Phase Isolated AC/DC Converter for Auxiliary Power Units

Ashwin Chandwani, Ayan Mallik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This paper presents a reduced-stage three-phase isolated AC/DC converter topology used for auxiliary power units (APUs) in avionics and electric vehicle (EV) applications. Traditional two-stage cascaded AC/DC converters are widely used for these applications due to their ease of implementation and simple control schemes. With the objective of improving the power density of the APUs, the proposed converter achieves reduction in the number of active power devices along with a smaller DC link capacitance by implementing an unconventional structure with a bandpass filter, to allow only the required frequency components to transfer the rated power. To accurately characterize the proposed converter, a detailed formulation of the filter design for the circuit along with mathematical derivation of the control scheme is presented. In terms of achieving enhancement in the overall efficiency, a comparative study is presented that focusses on the conduction and switching losses incurred in the proposed topology as compared to the state of the art (SOA) two-stage AC/DC conversion topologies. The analyses portray efficiency improvement of 0.8% for a 6 kW rated load, with significant reduction in active device losses. Additionally, to support the formulations and derivations, simulation studies and experimental verifications are also presented. The results show an input power factor of 0.9918 (lagging) with a conversion efficiency of 97.6%, a tightly regulated output voltage with less than 1% peak-peak ripple and the input current total harmonic distortion (THD) of as low as 1.57%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3687-3703
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022


  • Auxiliary power units
  • DAB
  • EV charger
  • RTRU
  • filter
  • more electric airplanes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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