A Randomized Clinical Trial of Online Stress Inoculation for Adult Children of Divorce

Caroline E. Shanholtz, David Messer, Ryan D. Davidson, Ashley Randall, John J. Horan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Scopus citations


    Interventions for helping young adults cope with the stress produced by their parents’ divorce are rarely described or evaluated. Transitions, derived from a stress inoculation framework, was designed to foster stress-coping and parent–young adult relationship skills via the Internet. Participants (95 young adult college students who had experienced parental separation or divorce within the past year) were randomly assigned to experimental and delayed-treatment control conditions. Intervention modules included psychoeducation, relaxation, mindfulness meditation, cognitive restructuring, and communication skills. A multivariate analysis of variance yielded a significant treatment-by-repeated-measures interaction; univariate follow-up analyses of variance showed improvement on stress but not on relationship variables measuring quality of relationship with mother or father. Neither moderator nor intent-to-treat analyses altered this outcome pattern.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)599-613
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal of Divorce and Remarriage
    Issue number8
    StatePublished - Nov 17 2017


    • Gray divorce
    • Internet
    • RCT
    • parental separation and divorce
    • stress

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Demography
    • Law


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