A Perspective on Strategy Research: Progress and Prospects

Patricia A. Alexander, Steven Graham, Karen R. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

238 Scopus citations


Our goal in this article is to present a broad perspective on the state of strategy research and to consider, in brief, the prospects for strategy research in the future. We first draw on the literature in an effort to delineate the attributes of strategies and to consider several dimensions of strategies that dot the research landscape. Next, we distinguish strategic performance from skillful behavior. With this definitional framework in place, we survey changes that might be evidenced in learners' strategic processing over time, as a consequence of knowledge and motivation, as well as other personal factors. Additionally, we explore aspects of the task and the context that serve as change agents in strategy development, including domain, time, and instructional support. We conclude with a brief reflection on issues that deserve attention in research and practice in the next decade, to assist strategies instruction in reaching its potential as a part of integrated, validated instructional practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-154
Number of pages26
JournalEducational Psychology Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Cognitive strategies
  • Instructional support
  • Integrated instruction
  • Strategy instruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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