A New Formula for Population-Based Estimation of Whole Body Muscle Mass in Males

Malcolm B. Doupe, Alan D. Martin, Mark S. Searle, Dean J. Kriellaars, Gordon G. Giesbrecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


A new equation to estimate muscle mass in males was developed using parameters common to the 1981 Canada Fitness Survey and the male cadaver data of Martin et al. (1990b). The cadavers (N = 12) were randomly divided into two groups. The equation was developed on cadaver Group A and then validated on Group B. Once the equation with the most suitable variables was validated on Group B, it was redeveloped on combined data from Groups A and B. The final equation is as follows: muscle mass (gm) = Ht (0.031MUThG2 + 0.064CCG2 + 0.089CAG2) - 3,006; adjusted R2 = .96, SEE = 1,488 gm, F = 87.5, p = .0001. Variables (in cm) were Ht, height; MUThG, modified upper thigh girth; CCG, corrected calf girth; and CAG, corrected arm girth. The predictive ability of this equation was comparable to the original equation of Martin et al. (1990b) and can be a valuable tool for muscle mass estimation of male subjects in the 1981 Canada Fitness Survey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)598-608
Number of pages11
JournalCanadian Journal of Applied Physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Body composition
  • Body fat
  • Canada Fitness Survey
  • Equation
  • Estimation
  • Fat free mass
  • Lean body mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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