A multilevel systems model of leadership

Angelo J. Kinicki, Kathryn J L Jacobson, Benjamin M. Galvin, Gregory E. Prussia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


This study uses a control theory to develop a multilevel systems model of leadership. The model outlines the processes that senior leaders can use to influence others across hierarchical levels of management and clarifies the mechanisms that link leadership across levels of management-goal cascading, alignment, and the bypass channel of communication. The authors discuss leadership behaviors needed to effectively influence others across a cybernetic process of leadership. Embedded within the multilevel systems model of leadership is a micro-level cybernetic model that focuses on the temporal process that leaders use to influence individuals in the pursuit of goal achievement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-149
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Leadership and Organizational Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2011


  • control theory
  • leadership
  • leadership behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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