A multilevel approach to trust in joint ventures

Steven C. Currall, Andrew C. Inkpen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

267 Scopus citations


This article examines issues of level in the study of joint venture trust. In particular, we explain how international joint venture (IJV) trust can be conceptualized and measured at the person, group, and firm levels. To do this, we (1) provide a definition of IJV trust applicable to persons, groups, and firms, (2) promote alignment of levels of theory and measurement through the use of a 3×3 approach to guide researchers in identifying the level at which they are theorizing and the proper level of measurement, and (3) propose operational measures of IJV trust across levels and dimensions in order to lay a solid foundation for theory testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)479-495
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


Dive into the research topics of 'A multilevel approach to trust in joint ventures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this