A mini-max error criterion based algorithm for image adaptive vector quantization

S. Panchanathan, M. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In this paper, we present a technique which employs the mini-max error criterion for image compression using adaptive vector quantization. In vector quantization (VQ), the image vectors are usually coded using an "universal codebook" generated from a set of training images. The coding performance using this codebook is potentially poor for images outside the training set. A number of inter and intra-image techniques have been proposed to adapt the codewords to the input image. However, these techniques do not guarantee the closest codewords to be within a prespecified bound of the input vectors. This can result in large errors which give rise to artifacts. We propose an intra-image adaptive technique which employs a criteria that minimizes the maximum error. Here, the codebook is generated on the fly from the input vectors to be coded. A primary codebook of size, 8 or 16 is typically used to store the frequently used codewords. A larger secondary codebook is used to store the less frequently used codewords. Both the transmitter and receiver maintain identical codebooks and hence keep track of any changes without any overhead information. As it is a single-pass technique, real-time implementation is possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-59
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - May 8 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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