A hierarchical theory of occupational segregation and wage discrimination

Marjorie Baldwin, Richard J. Butler, William Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Becker's model of discrimination is extended to the case where men exhibit distastes for working under female managers. The distribution of women in the resulting occupational hierarchy depends on the number of women in lower occupations, the wages of male workers in lower occupations, and male distastes for female management. Thus, there exists an occupational sorting function, related to wages, that determines the occupational distribution of women. We integrate this sorting function into a standard wage equation to derive a new decomposition of male-female wage differentials and apply it to a sample of insurance industry workers from the 1988 CPS. (JEL J71).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-110
Number of pages17
JournalEconomic Inquiry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Economics and Econometrics


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