A decision framework for an adaptive behavioral intervention for physical activity using hybrid model predictive control

Cesar A. Martin, Daniel Rivera, Eric B. Hekler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Scopus citations


Physical inactivity is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many physical activity behavioral interventions at present have shown limited success addressing the problem from a long-term perspective that includes maintenance. This paper proposes the design of a decision algorithm for a mobile and wireless health (mHealth) adaptive intervention that is based on control engineering concepts. The design process relies on a behavioral dynamical model based on Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), with a controller formulation based on hybrid model predictive control (HMPC) being used to implement the decision scheme. The discrete and logical features of HMPC coincide naturally with the categorical nature of the intervention components and the logical decisions that are particular to an intervention for physical activity. The intervention incorporates an online controller reconfiguration mode that applies changes in the penalty weights to accomplish the transition between the behavioral initiation and maintenance training stages. Simulation results are presented to illustrate the performance of the controller using a hypothetical model for physical activity interventions, under realistic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 American Control Conference, ACC 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781467386821
StatePublished - Jul 28 2016
Event2016 American Control Conference, ACC 2016 - Boston, United States
Duration: Jul 6 2016Jul 8 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619


Other2016 American Control Conference, ACC 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A decision framework for an adaptive behavioral intervention for physical activity using hybrid model predictive control'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this