A content analysis of web sites promoting smoking culture and lifestyle

Kurt M. Ribisl, Rebecca E. Lee, Lisa Henriksen, Harry H. Haladjian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


The present study examined smoking culture and lifestyle Web sites listed on Yahoo!, a popular Internet search catalog, to determine whether the sites were easily accessible to youth, featured age or health warnings, and mentioned specific tobacco brands. A content analysis of photographs on these sites assessed the demographics of individuals depicted and the amount of smoking and nudity in the photographs. The sample included 30 Web sites, all of which were accessible to youth and did not require age verification services to enter them. Cigarette brand names were mentioned in writing on 35% of the sites, and brand images were present on 24% of the sites. Nearly all of the photographs (95%) depicted smoking, 92% featured women, and 7% contained partial or full nudity. These results underscore the need for greater research and monitoring of smoking-related Internet content by health educators and tobacco control advocates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-78
Number of pages15
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescents
  • Internet
  • Policy
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco
  • Web sites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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