30 years after Bayh-Dole: Reassessing academic entrepreneurship

Rosa Grimaldi, Martin Kenney, Donald S. Siegel, Mike Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

576 Scopus citations


On the 30th anniversary of enactment of the Bayh-Dole Act in the U.S., we consider the rationale for academic entrepreneurship and describe the evolving role of universities in the commercialization of research. We also discuss and appraise the effects of legislative reform in several OECD countries relating to academic entrepreneurship. The article synthesizes papers from the special section and outlines an agenda for additional research on various aspects of academic entrepreneurship in terms of system, university and individual levels. We also consider measurement and methodological issues that must be addressed in additional research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1045-1057
Number of pages13
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Academic entrepreneurship
  • Bayh-Dole Act
  • Licensing
  • Patenting
  • Start-ups
  • Technology transfer offices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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