Sensitivity Analysis of the No-Omitted Confounder Assumption in Latent Growth Curve Mediation Models

  • Yu Yu Hsiao (Contributor)
  • Katie Witkiewitz (Contributor)
  • Davood Tofighi (Contributor)
  • Eric S. Kruger (Contributor)
  • M. Lee Van Horn (Contributor)
  • David MacKinnon (Contributor)



Latent growth curve mediation models are increasingly used to assess mechanisms of behavior change. For latent growth mediation model, like any another mediation model, even with random treatment assignment, a critical but untestable assumption for valid and unbiased estimates of the indirect effects is that there should be no omitted variable that confounds indirect effects. One way to address this untestable assumption is to conduct sensitivity analysis to assess whether the inference about an indirect effect would change under varying degrees of confounding bias. We developed a sensitivity analysis technique for a latent growth curve mediation model. We compute the biasing effect of confounding on point and confidence interval estimates of the indirect effects in a structural equation modeling framework. We illustrate sensitivity plots to visualize the effects of confounding on each indirect effect and present an empirical example to illustrate the application of the sensitivity analysis.
Date made availableJan 2 2019
Publisherfigshare Academic Research System

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