Data from: Persistent anthrax as a major driver of wildlife mortality in a tropical rainforest

  • Constanze Hoffmann (Creator)
  • Fee Zimmermann (Creator)
  • Roman Biek (Creator)
  • Hjalmar Kühl (Creator)
  • Kathrin Nowak (Creator)
  • Roger Mundry (Creator)
  • Anthony Agbor (Creator)
  • Samuel Angedakin (Creator)
  • Mimi Arandjelovic (Creator)
  • Anja Blankenburg (Creator)
  • Gregory Brazolla (Creator)
  • Katherine Corogenes (Creator)
  • Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann (Creator)
  • Tobias Deschner (Creator)
  • Paula Dieguez (Creator)
  • Karsten Dierks (Creator)
  • Ariane Düx (Creator)
  • Susann Dupke (Creator)
  • Henk Eshuis (Creator)
  • Pierre Formenty (Creator)
  • Yisa Ginath Yuh (Contributor)
  • Annemarie Goedmakers (Creator)
  • Jan F. Gogarten (Creator)
  • Anne Céline Granjon (Creator)
  • Scott McGraw (Creator)
  • Roland Grunow (Creator)
  • John Hart (Creator)
  • Sorrel Jones (Creator)
  • Jessica Junker (Creator)
  • John Kiang (Creator)
  • Kevin Langergraber (Creator)
  • Juan Lapuente (Creator)
  • Kevin Lee (Creator)
  • Siv Aina Leendertz (Creator)
  • Floraine Léguillon (Creator)
  • Vera Leinert (Creator)
  • Therese Löhrich (Creator)
  • Sergio Marrocoli (Creator)
  • Kerstin Mätz-Rensing (Creator)
  • Amelia Meier (Creator)
  • Kevin Merkel (Creator)
  • Sonja Metzger (Creator)
  • Mizuki Murai (Creator)
  • Hélène De Nys (Creator)
  • Andreas Sachse (Creator)
  • Joost Van Schijndel (Creator)
  • Ulla Thiesen (Creator)
  • Els Ton (Creator)
  • Doris Wu (Creator)
  • Lothar H. Wieler (Creator)
  • Christophe Boesch (Creator)
  • Silke R. Klee (Creator)
  • Roman Wittig (Creator)
  • Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer (Creator)
  • Fabian H. Leendertz (Creator)
  • Mimi Arandjelovic (Creator)
  • Scott McGraw (Creator)
  • Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer (Creator)



Anthrax is a globally significant animal disease and zoonosis. Despite this, current knowledge of anthrax ecology is largely limited to arid ecosystems, where outbreaks are most commonly reported. We reveal cryptic the dynamics of an anthrax causing agent, Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis, in a tropical rainforest with severe consequences for local wildlife communities. Using data and samples collected over three decades we found that rainforest anthrax is a persistent and widespread cause of death for a broad range of mammalian hosts. We predict that this pathogen will accelerate the decline and possibly result in the extirpation of local chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) populations. Our findings illuminate the epidemiology of a cryptic pathogen and have important implications for conservation and public health.
Date made availableMar 1 2018

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