White-nose syndrome: A deadly emerging infectious disease of hibernating bats

Deeann M. Reeder, Marianne S. Moore

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

21 Scopus citations


In the winter of 2006-2007, thousands of dead bats were found at a single cave in New York. When mortality spread to nearby hibernacula in the winter of 2007-2008, this emerging infectious disease was dubbed white-nose syndrome (WNS), for the white fungi noted around the bat's muzzle. Current estimates suggest that between 5.7 and 6.7 million bats have died thus far (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (2012) News release: North American bat death toll exceeds 5.5 million from white-nose syndrome. http://www.fws.gov/whitenosesyndrome/pdf/WNS-Mortality-2012-NR-FINAL.pdf. Accessed 21 Feb 2012), making this one of the most significant conservation threats to bats in history. The goal of this chapter is to review the current state of knowledge regarding WNS and to highlight areas where further research is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBat Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781461473978
ISBN (Print)1461473969, 9781461473961
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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