Variable DC-Link Control Loop Design for an Integrated Two-Stage AC/DC Converter

Jiangheng Lu, Ayan Mallik, Shenli Zou, Alireza Khaligh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


This paper presents an innovative technique of synthesizing variable dc-link voltage control loop for a two-stage integrated ac-dc converter, which is a cascaded combination of a single-phase continuous conduction mode interleaved totem-pole power factor correction and a half-bridge CLLC resonant converter. Although the variable dc-link control exhibits a better overall efficiency than the fixed dc-link control, it faces issues of: 1) loss of output voltage regulation and 2) low-frequency oscillations in the dc voltages and inductor current. In order to address and analyze these issues, both time-domain and frequency-domain studies of the control loop are performed, which led to two different voltage loop controller configurations, resolving the oscillation and regulation issues. As verification to the proof-of-concept, a hardware prototype of an integrated ac-dc converter is developed and tested up to 2 kW. The experimental results exhibit a power factor of 0.992, peak efficiency of >94% and a total harmonic distortion of <5%, with the elimination of low-frequency oscillation of the dc voltage waveforms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-107
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 21 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • AC-DC conversion
  • control
  • variable dc link

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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