Uncovering how new members of multigene families acquire new functions is an important topic in evolutionary and developmental genetics. CORL proteins (SKOR in mice, Fussel in humans and fussel in Flybase) are a family of CNS specific proteins related to mammalian Sno/Ski oncogenes. Drosophila CORL (dCORL) participates in TGF-b and insulin signaling during development and in adult homeostasis but roles for the two mouse CORL proteins (mCORL) are essentially unknown. A series of studies were conducted to test the hypothesis based on previous results that mCORL1 is more similar to dCORL than mCORL2. Neither an updated alignment nor ectopic expression in adult wings were able to distinguish mCORL1 or mCORL2 from dCORL. Transgene experiments employing a dCORL endogenous function in mushroom body neurons showed that mCORL1 is distinct from mCORL2 and dCORL. mCORL1 and mCORL2 are also distinct in biochemical assays of Smad-binding and BMP signaling. Taken together, the data suggests testable new hypotheses for mCORL2 function in mammalian TGF-b and insulin signaling based on known roles for dCORL. Overall, the study reiterates the value of transgenic methods in Drosophila to provide new information on multigene family evolution and the function of family members in other species.
- Gene duplication
- Mushroom body neurons
- Sno homology domain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
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Stinchfield, M. J. (Creator), Miyazawa, K. (Creator) & Newfeld, S. (Contributor), G3 - Genetics Society of America (GSA), 2019