Tracing the development of teacher knowledge in a design seminar: Integrating content, pedagogy and technology

Matthew J. Koehler, Punya Mishra, Kurnia Yahya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

495 Scopus citations


Effective technology integration for teaching subject matter requires knowledge not just of content, technology and pedagogy, but also of their relationship to each other. Building on Schulman's [Schulman, L. S. (1987). Knowledge and teaching: foundations for a new reform. Harvard Educational Review, 57(1), 1-22] concept of pedagogical content knowledge, we introduce a framework for conceptualizing Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge-TPCK [Mishra, P., Koehler, M.J., (in press). Technological pedagogical content knowledge: A new framework for teacher knowledge. Teachers College Record]. We report the results of a semester-long investigation of the development of TPCK during a faculty development design seminar, whereby faculty members worked together with masters students to develop online courses. Quantitative discourse analysis of 15 weeks of field notes for two of the design teams show participants moved from considering technology, pedagogy and content as being independent constructs towards a richer conception that emphasized connections among the three knowledge bases. Our analyses suggests that developing TPCK is a multigenerational process, involving the development of deeper understandings of the complex web of relationships between content, pedagogy and technology and the contexts in which they function. Pedagogic, pragmatic, theoretical, and methodological contributions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)740-762
Number of pages23
JournalComputers and Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Cooperative/collaborative learning
  • Earning communities
  • Evaluation methodologies
  • Pedagogical issues
  • Teaching/learning strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Education


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