Tourism Microentrepreneurship: State Of The Art And Research Agenda

K. C. Birendra, Chantell Lapan, Bruno Ferreira, Duarte B. Morais

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Scopus citations


    Microentrepreneurship has always been an important driving force of the tourism industry. However, until recently, this sector was mostly invisible and understudied. Microentrepreneurs are now becoming influential stakeholders due to new information technologies that make their offerings easily accessible to a broader clientele and render their economic activity more transparent and taxable. There is a growing consensus that tourism microentrepreneurs can make destinations more competitive and equitable. Accordingly, there has been a surge of scholarship on tourism microentrepreneurship to inform strategies and policies to fuel microentrepreneurial development and its integration with the formal tourism sector. The purpose of this conceptual article is threefold: first, to discuss the definition of tourism microentrepreneurship and commonly used theoretical conceptualizations, as well as the evolution of research on tourism microentrepreneurship; second, to identify research gaps in the existing literature and propose avenues for future research; third, to serve as an introduction to a Special Section on Microentrepreneurship. In addition, we offer a set of practical recommendations for destination managers and supporting organizations to develop and nurture networks of microentrepreneurs, and to identify suitable and rewarding microentrepreneurial opportunities in the tourism business ecosystem.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)279-292
    Number of pages14
    JournalTourism Review International
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - 2021


    • Destination competitiveness
    • Destination stewardship
    • Livelihoods
    • Microentrepreneurship
    • Technology

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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