Tokenism in Criminology and Criminal Justice Departments: Problems and Solutions

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Scopus citations


    In this article, I argue that criminology and criminal justice programs exhibit racial “tokenism,” in that the majority of such programs employ no more than one Black tenured/tenure track professor. This tokenism creates a plethora of problems that undermine the contributions of Black faculty and prevent them from achieving their full potential. I use my own experiences to illustrate these issues. I conclude with potential solutions to the problems identified.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)338-346
    Number of pages9
    JournalRace and Justice
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - Jul 2021


    • African Americans
    • criminal justice
    • diversity
    • higher education
    • tokenism

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Anthropology
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Law


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