Timely diagnosis of acute diseases improves treatment outcomes and saves lives, but it requires fast and precision quantification of biomarkers. Here, we report a time-resolved digital immunoassay based on plasmonic imaging of binding of single nanoparticles to biomarkers captured on a sensor surface. The real-time and high contrast of plasmonic imaging lead to fast and precise counting of the individual biomarkers over a wide dynamic range. We demonstrated the detection principle, evaluated the performance of the method using procalcitonin (PCT) as an example, and achieved a limit of detection of ∼2.8 pg/mL, dynamic range of 4.2-12500 pg/mL, for a total detection time of ∼25 min.
- plasmonic imaging
- rapid and sensitive quantification
- single nanoparticles analysis
- time-resolved digital immunoassay
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)