Thickness-dependent bioelectrochemical and energy applications of thickness-controlled meso-macroporous antimony-doped tin oxide

Daniel Mieritz, Runli Liang, Haojie Zhang, Anne Marie Carey, Shaojiang Chen, Alex Volosin, Su Lin, Neal Woodbury, Dong Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Coatings of hierarchically meso-macroporous antimony-doped tin oxide (ATO) enable interfacing adsorbed species, such as biomacromolecules, with an electronic circuit. The coating thickness is a limiting factor for the surface coverage of adsorbates, that are electrochemically addressable. To overcome this challenge, a carbon black-based templating method was developed by studying the composition of the template system, and finding the right conditions for self-standing templates, preventing the reaction mixture from flowing out of the mask. The thicknesses of as-fabricated coatings were measured using stylus profilometry to establish a relationship between the mask thickness and the coating thickness. Cyclic voltammetry was performed on coatings with adsorbed cytochrome c to check whether the entire coating thickness was electrochemically addressable. Further, bacterial photosynthetic reaction centers were incorporated into the coatings, and photocurrent with respect to coating thickness was studied. The template mixture required enough of both carbon black and polymer, roughly 7% carbon black and 6% poly(ethylene glycol). Coatings were fabricated with thicknesses approaching 30 μm, and thickness was shown to be controllable up to at least 15 μm. Under the experimental conditions, photocurrent was found to increase linearly with the coating thickness, up to around 12 μm, above which were diminished gains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number128
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • ATO
  • Biomacromolecule
  • Carbon black
  • Hierarchically porous
  • Meso-macroporous
  • Nanomaterials
  • TCO
  • Thick coatings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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