They Came by Boat: The 2008 Terrorist Attack on Mumbai: India

Soumitro Sen, Uttaran Dutta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Since the 1980s, militancy in Kashmir has been a particular source of discord between India and Pakistan. The three major terrorist groups active in Kashmir include Harakat ul-Mujahideen; Jaish-e-Mohammed; and Lashkar-e-Taiba. On November 23, 2008, a group of 10 Pakistani young men and unleashed terrorist attacks using machine guns and grenades on seven locations around Mumbai, killing approximately 173 people and injuring 293 over the next 3 days. The Mumbai attacks were unique because collectively, the event caused a transnational crisis, claiming lives of Indians as well as people of various nationalities who were especially targeted; the attacks were perpetrated on multiple high profile, elite locations in Mumbai; they unfolded live on television; the attacks were carried out by terrorists under the close guidance of handlers in Pakistan. The stakeholders who were impacted are described and the strategies and tactics adopted by some as response to the crisis are examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCulture and Crisis Communication
Subtitle of host publicationTransboundary Cases from Nonwestern Perspectives
PublisherWiley-IEEE Press
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781119081708
ISBN (Print)9781119009757
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Crisis communication
  • India
  • Kashmir
  • Lashkar-e-Taiba
  • Militancy
  • Mumbai attacks
  • Pakistan
  • Terrorist attack
  • Transnational crisis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Social Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'They Came by Boat: The 2008 Terrorist Attack on Mumbai: India'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this