Thermodynamics of copper-manganese and copper-iron spinel solid solutions

Sulata K. Sahu, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


High-temperature oxide melt solution calorimetry has been performed to investigate the energetics of spinel solid solutions in the Mn3O4-CuMn2O4 and Fe3O4-CuFe2O4 systems. The spinel solid solutions were synthesized by a ceramic route and calcined at appropriate temperatures to obtain single phase samples. The drop solution enthalpies of the solid solutions in the Mn3O4-CuMn2O4 system are the same within experimental error as the enthalpies of drop solution of mechanical mixtures of the end-members, indicating a zero heat of mixing, i.e., ideal mixing in terms of enthalpy. In Fe3O4-CuFe2O4, the drop solution enthalpy of the solid solutions shows a positive deviation from those of the mechanical mixture of the end-members, suggesting negative mixing enthalpy. The formation enthalpies of the spinel solid solutions from their constituent oxides plus oxygen and from the elements were also determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3684-3692
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • FeO-CuFeO
  • MnO-CuMnO
  • calorimetry
  • spinel solid solutions
  • thermodynamics of formation and mixing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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