The theoretical orientation profile scale-revised: A validation study

Roger L. Worthington, Frank R. Dillon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


This study supported evidence of reliability and validity of the Theoretical Orientation Profile Scale-Revised (TOPS-R) scores. The TOPS-R was designed to measure theoretical orientation among counselors and trainees. Factor analysis yielded a 6-factor solution accounting for 87.5% of the total variance in the scale. The 6 factors corresponded to 6 schools of psychotherapy (i.e., psychoanalytic/psychodynamic, humanistic/existential, cognitive-behavioral, family systems, feminist, and multicultural).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-105
Number of pages11
JournalMeasurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)


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