The temporal ordering of urban space and daily activity patterns for population role groups

Donald G. Janelle, Brian Klinkenberg, Michael F. Goodchild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Space-time activity diaries for respondents in Halifax, Canada provide data for modeling diurnal variations in the ecological structure for the city. Using the PARAFAC three-mode model, underlying factors juxtapose a polarization of work with household obligations and education activity, and solitary individual activity with socializing behavior, along with separate dimensions for shopping and for non-home entertainment. Mappings of standardized scores on each dimension for 29 separate regions and for 8 time periods of the day reveal a dynamic image of an activity-based temporal ordering to urban life. Composite representations of all five factors for separate regions and a mapping of space-time ecological zones for the city as a whole provide grounding for a typology of behavioral settings. Empirical examples and speculations relate ecological structure to individual movement and activity behavior for designated population role groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-137
Number of pages21
JournalGeographical Systems
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Activity patterns
  • Population role groups
  • Space-time diaries
  • Urban ecology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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