The practice of geographic information science

Michael F. Goodchild, Paul A. Longley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations


This chapter begins with definitions of geographic information science (GIScience), of geocomputation, and of spatial analysis. We then discuss how these research areas have been influenced by recent developments in computing and data-intensive analysis, before setting out their core organizing principles from a practical perspective. The following section reflects on the key characteristics of geographic information, the problems posed by large data volumes, the relevance of geographic scale, the remit of geographic simulation, and the key achievements of GIScience and geocomputation to date. Our subsequent review of changing scientific practices and the changing problems facing scientists addresses developments in high-performance computing, heightened awareness of the social context of GIS, and the importance of neogeography in providing new data sources and in driving the need for new techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Regional Science
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9783642234309
ISBN (Print)9783642234293
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)


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