Technology and Managerial Gaps in Contract Farming: The Case of Specialty Crop Production

Ashok K. Mishra, Joaquin Mayorga, Anjani Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


We use a stochastic frontier approach corrected for self-selection to separate technology and managerial gaps between the treatment and control groups of smallholders in baby corn production in India. We also assess the impact of contract farming on output prices, profitability, and resource usage.We find that technical efficiency is consistently higher among contract farmers than among independent farmers and that significant technology and managerial gaps exist between contracted and independent growers. Ultimately, contract farming intervention benefits the livelihood of smallholders, increases efficiency, and reduces environmental degradation without compromising yield.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-96
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • baby corn
  • India
  • metafrontier
  • output prices
  • selection bias
  • stochastic production frontier
  • technical efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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