Systemic Delivery of mLIGHT-Armed Myxoma Virus Is Therapeutic for Later-Stage Syngeneic Murine Lung Metastatic Osteosarcoma

John D. Christie, Nicole Appel, Liqiang Zhang, Kenneth Lowe, Jacquelyn Kilbourne, Juliane Daggett-Vondras, Natalie Elliott, Alexandra R. Lucas, Joseph N. Blattman, Masmudur M. Rahman, Grant McFadden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancers that metastasize to the lungs represent a major challenge in both basic and clinical cancer research. Oncolytic viruses are newly emerging options but successful delivery and choice of appropriate therapeutic armings are two critical issues. Using an immunocompetent murine K7M2-luc lung metastases model, the efficacy of MYXV armed with murine LIGHT (TNFSF14/CD258) expressed under virus-specific early/late promoter was tested in an advanced later-stage disease K7M2-luc model. Results in this model show that mLIGHT-armed MYXV, delivered systemically using ex vivo pre-loaded PBMCs as carrier cells, reduced tumor burden and increased median survival time. In vitro, when comparing direct infection of K7M2-luc cancer cells with free MYXV vs. PBMC-loaded virus, vMyx-mLIGHT/PBMCs also demonstrated greater cytotoxic capacity against the K7M2 cancer cell targets. In vivo, systemically delivered vMyx-mLIGHT/PBMCs increased viral reporter transgene expression levels both in the periphery and in lung tumors compared to unarmed MYXV, in a tumor-and transgene-dependent fashion. We conclude that vMyx-mLIGHT, especially when delivered using PBMC carrier cells, represents a new potential therapeutic strategy for solid cancers that metastasize to the lung.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number337
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • Armed oncolytic virus
  • LIGHT (TNFSF14)
  • Oncolytic myxoma virus
  • Oncolytic virus delivery
  • Oncolytic virus metastatic tumors
  • Oncolytic viruses
  • TNF superfamily

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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