Sustainable livelihoods and environmentally sound technologies

C. Perrings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The central assumption underlying Agenda 21 (adopted at the UN Conference on Environment and Development) is that sustainable development is divisible, and that programmes can appropriately be devised for the sustainability of component parts - sectors, resource categories and levels of society. The author addresses two key concepts - "sustainable livelihoods' and "environmentally sound technology' - and demonstrates the pitfalls in a disaggregated approach to operationalizing sustainability, both technical and in terms of equity. Stressing the fundamental need to maintain the resilience of ecological and economic systems over time, the author highlights the importance of incentives, the level of activity and the distribution of income for the achievement and maintenance of that resilience. -Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-326
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Labour Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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